Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS)
It is a condition especially arising in women who have a large number of oocytes in their ovaries, such as policystic ovary (PCO).
It is seen in 2.5-5% of inoculation, scheduled intercourse treatments and 5-15% of IVF treatments. As is known, following oocyte growth, the egg cracking shot is administered in infertility treatments. During this time, the growth of the oocytes begins to increase the estrogen hormone in the blood. If this increase is excessive, 6-7 days after the egg cracking shot, the fluid migration begins from the vessel. This migrated fluid is accumulated in the abdomen and rarely around the lungs and heart.
Since the lungs cannot funtion properly, the patients cannot breathe easily. Concomitant nausea and vomiting may occur. If vomiting is present, the general condition of the patient worsens and the patient gets exhausted since the nutrition will be deteriorated. As can be understood from the definition, it is common in women with abundant of oocyte. It is specific to the body. It is not senn in women with limited number of oocytes.
In the treatment, the liquid portion of the blood is tried to be kept in the vessel. Serums are given for this. If the abdominal fluid disturbs too much, it is drained by needle. So the patient is relieved. Complaints especially increase at night and mitigates during the day. It is easier to breathe by sleeping in a half-sitting position at night since the fluid will move down.